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Dachau concentration camp records

dachau concentration camp records National Archives Records of the Office of War Information/Public Domain. Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site: Definitely worth a visit - See 6,192 traveler reviews, 7,913 candid photos, and great deals for Dachau, Germany, at Tripadvisor. . 1978] Register of the Dachau (Germany: Concentration Camp) Miscellaneous Records 52010 3 Scope and Content Note The Dachau Concentration Camp miscellaneous records consist of material donated by Willem Houwink, a prisoner at the camp who was able to take scattered documents at the time of the camp's liberation on April 29, 1945. He succeeded Geoffrey Dawson as Editor in 1941. According to records of the Roman Catholic Church, at least 3,000 religious, deacons, priests, and bishops were imprisoned there. On January 27, 1945, Soviet forces liberated the Auschwitz concentration camp complex in German-occupied Poland. It is not possible to represent the horrors of concentration camps in music, and – a lesson learned from the many failures in the history of “industrial music” – the attempt to do so will inevitably result in Dachau hypothermia experiments. These departments were: Department I – the office of the camp commandant Department II – political Dachau Camp Uniform Bought at Garage Sale Uncovers Prisoner's Harrowing Story . The photographs were duplicates or material unused in preparing the Dachau report as evidence of war crimes to be used at the Dachau trials in "Dachau Concentration Camp Horrors worse than those found in the German concentration camps of Buchenwald and Belsen were discovered in the stinking hell-hole of Dachau, captured by troops of the 42nd and 45th Infantry Division of the Seventh U. The Dachau concentration camp memorial as seen in 2013: First opened by the German Nazi Party in 1933 in southern Germany, Dachau became the model for future concentration camps. Concentration camps in the USSR are officially known as ‘corrective-labor camps’ (ispravitelno-trudovye lageria or ITL). Most subjects died As this suggests, it was already clear that the most notorious and frightening destination for political detainees was the concentration camp built by Himmler at Dachau, in Bavaria. ushmm. Concentration Camp Dachau Entry Registers (Zugangsbuecher), 1933–1945. Until it was liberated on April 29, 1945, over 206,000 prisoners from all over Europe, Jews and non-Jews, were held there. Until it was liberated on April 29, 1945, over 206,000 prisoners from all over Europe, Jews and non-Jews, were held there. The majority were Polish (1780), of whom 868 died in Dachau. In order to get a good idea of the various groups of prisoners, it is important to know camp Dachau was not established to contribute to the "Endlösung der Judenfrage," the extermination of the European Jews. It was found by police three days after the theft, cut into pieces. William Applegate was a 25-year-old American soldier who arrived at Dachau 72 hours after its liberation. Nearby was (1933–45) the first Nazi concentration camp, which today has a number of memorials and a museum. Buchenwald (German pronunciation: [ˈbuːxn̩valt]; literally 'beech forest') was a Nazi concentration camp established on Ettersberg hill near Weimar, Germany, in July 1937. List Type: Index. What I remember most about Buchenwald, one of the biggest of the Nazi concentration camps established on German soil. There was the immediate gain of using Dachau concentration camp (German: Konzentrationslager (KZ) Dachau, IPA: ) was the first World War II Nazi concentration camp. Prisoners demolished the original concentration camp and the old World War I era munitions factory in 1937 to make way for the expansion. Subjects (Persons) Partlow, Sam, 1922-2004: Subjects: United States. On 9 August 1938, prisoners from Dachau concentration camp near Munich were sent to the town of Mauthausen in Austria, to begin the construction of a new slave labour camp. Paul Berben, a former prisoner at Dachau, was elected by the Comité International de Dachau (International Dachau Committee) to write the official history of the Dachau prison camp. org A Secret Diary Chronicled the ‘Satanic World’ That Was Dachau For two years, a prisoner in the German concentration camp kept a journal that would later be used to convict those who had persecuted The 42nd Infantry Division and the Liberation of Dachau. It contained POW camps for non-commissioned officers and other ranks. Register of the Dachau (Germany: Concentration Camp) Miscellaneous Records. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry. Some, particularly in the early years, were released, and transfers to and from Dachau were common. Moshe and his brother-in-law were a part of the 4,000-person death march from the Warsaw Ghetto to Dachau in 1944. Army 75 years ago. The site was chosen because of the nearby granite quarry, and its proximity to Linz. This is a partial list classified by country (1939-1945 borders). But the war-worn members of the 45th Infantry Division, who received radio orders to take Dachau on April 29, 1945, knew little or nothing of concentration camps. Dachau was established as a concentration camp, serving mostly as a detention and labor camp, while sites such as Auschwitz were extermination camps or death camps. The Nazis had used the carts to transport 4,800 prisoners from the Buchenwald concentration camp to Dachau three weeks previously. Abstract: Contains mostly non-Jewish but also Jewish prisoners held in Dachau from 1933-1945. org Dachau, located ten miles north of Munich, Germany, was the first concentration camp built by the Nazis and served as a model for all later camps. Their deaths really “belong” to Dachau. In this virtual multimedia tour you can experience what happened in the last hours of the concentration camp. Memo #3 XVI Corps Feb 1945 - General Notes on the Admin. ). Dachau was April 29, 1945, was a cold, sunny Sunday afternoon as Soldiers of the U. Original data: Miscellaneous Lists and Registers of German Concentration Camp Inmates, Originated or Collected by the International Tracing Service Dachau, the first Nazi concentration camp, opened in 1933, shortly after Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) became chancellor of Germany. The album “steps” is composed exclusively from field recordings made at the Dachau Concentration Camp memorial site. S. Initially, these people were primarily political prisoners such as communists, but this soon expanded to also include Jehovah’s Witnesses, homosexuals, Roma, and so called ‘asocials’. Bought this book at Dachau in 1985 when we visited. There are no words for Dachau, and even the pictures of its horrors are pale beside its realities. It is located on the grounds of an abandoned munitions factory northeast of the medieval town of Dachau, about 16 km (10 mi) northwest of Munich in the state of Bavaria, in southern Germany. Landé Project Coordinator: Nolan Altman INTRODUCTION. Records feature information including prisoner names and assigned numbers, birth date, birth place, etc. August 15, 1938 - Dachau Camp Expanded - Dachau camp prisoners complete the construction of an SS military training base and an expansion of the Dachau concentration camp. Although it remains a less well-known story of the Holocaust, Dachau was one of several Nazi camps which were repurposed after the war. Its first shipment of women came from Auschwitz-Birkenau. The unspeakable horrors caught on film, he assured me, were only a glimpse of what he and his buddies had witnessed the morning they had entered the camp. Concentration Camp Dachau Entry Registers, 1945 - 1945 This Series contains records, some of which may not be available online. Gates at the main entrance to Dachau concentration camp, 1945. S. It was built in 1933 by Heinrich Himmler. military, and compiled and used after the war by the International Tracing Service and later the Departmental Records Branch's Captured Records Few had. 6 Ebbutt pressed for The Times to use its undoubted influence on behalf of the prisoners in Dachau: "There can be little doubt that a really firm 5Robin Barrington- Ward was Deputy Editor of The Times , and like many others on the staff an Oxford graduate. It had seven gas chambers, two wooden gallows, and some 227 structures in all, placing it among the largest of Nazi-run concentration camps. More than 28,000 people died at Dachau between 1940 and 1945, but the total number of deaths at the camp is not known. Germany, Dachau Concentration Camp Records, 1945 [database on-line]. Her final word - uttered as the German CAMP CHANCELLERY RECORDS. Morse and Peter Land Dachau Concentration Camp Records Glossary This glossary is intended to be used as a translation guide for two fields in the Dachau Concentration Camp Records Database (from reels 15 through 19 of the Captured German Records Collection ). On April 29, 1945, the 42nd Infantry Division entered the Dachau concentration camp, the earliest and longest-functioning SS-controlled camp in Nazi Germany. concentration camp. The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. Though it was not one of the extermination camps later established by the Germans to kill European Jews during World War II, Dachau was a training center for SS concentration camp guards; the camp's organization and routine became a model for all Nazi concentration camps. The Dachau Concentration Camp Photograph collection contain 51 photographs taken by the War Crimes Investigation Team 6823 after the liberation of the concentration camp at the end of April 1945. The camp was initially intended to hold only political prisoners. Army April 30,1945. On that day, three US Army divisions converged on the camp: the 42nd Infantry, the 45th Infantry, and the 20th Armored. Photo: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Courtesy of National Archives and Records Administration, College A Muslim spy who was executed by the Nazis at Dachau concentration camp in 1944 is the first Indian-origin woman to be honoured with a blue plaque. I can't give it a rating although it contains a history of concentration camps in general and Dachau specifically, including many photographs, letters, documentation throughout the camp's twelve year existence. Its purpose was to establish the most effective treatment for victims of During the Holocaust, it is estimated that the Nazis established approximately 15,000 labor, death, and concentration camp. In this effort, I studied the Alexanderreport, reviewedhis collected papers and the scientific literature about hypothermia, relied on the knowledge gained from my experience with cooling several thousand patients for heart surgery, and examined available documents about medical experiments in Nazi concentration the first concentration camp in Nazi Germany. A pool of blood gathers on the floor. The 357 designation was later transferred to Oerbke near Fallingbostel. com Operations Inc, 2008. Ed Sheeran wears Mushroom Records scarf in Dachau was the first German concentration camp, opened in 1933. To the early prisoners of the camps, a straight line to Auschwitz, or something like it, may have been discernible within a few months of Hitler’s Thus the former concentration camp Dachau was reduced to a streamlined symbol: It had all of the stereotypical attributes of a Nazi camp–gate, barbed wire, watchtowers, crematoria–, but otherwise it had been reduced to a representation of the spotlessly "clean camp" of Nazi propaganda and its postwar mythic adherents. Dachau concentration camp, located in the state of Bavaria, Germany, was the first concentration camp established by the Nazi regime. Until it was liberated on April 29, 1945, over 206,000 prisoners from all over Europe, Jews and non-Jews, were held there. " Dachau Concentration Camp Entry Registers The first Nazi camp created for political prisoners, Jews, and other so-called undesirables. At the beginning of the October Revolution of 1917 Soviet jurisprudence considered retributive punishment for political and criminal misdeeds to be distinct from corrective punishment. Jean Boehme still remembers the number of the Nazi concentration camp block where he lived as a child: 31C. Dachau served as a concentration camp until it was liberated by American troops on April 29, 1945. Development of concentration camps. Inside the album were the original photographs he and his buddies had taken on Sunday, April 29, 1945 – the day they had liberated the notorious Nazi concentration camp at Dachau. Established in 1933, Dachau was one of the first Nazi concentration camps. Flossenburg Concentration Camp Entry Registers Dachau also served as the central camp for Christian religious prisoners. Germany, Concentration Camp Records, 1946-1958 Free Germany, Confederation of Jews, 1930-1944 Free Germany, Dachau Concentration Camp Records, 1945 Free In his role as the Concentration Camps Inspector, Eicke began a large reorganisation of the camps in 1935. His experience at Dachau and Sachsenhausen offered a clear blueprint. According to official camp records, a total of 206,206 people have been imprisoned in camp Dachau between 1933 and 1945. Please note that records in this series have been microfilmed as Microfilm ‘Abandon Hope All Ye Who Enter Here’: The Hell-Gates of Dachau. More About Germany, Concentration Camp Records, 1946-1958 This series consists of copies of records which were created by the German Geheime Staatspolizei (Gestapo) during World War II, captured by the U. Original Caption: "Dachau Atrocity Camp. However, after its opening by Heinrich Himmler, it was enlarged to include forced labour. The Final Solution. Dachau was liberated on Sunday, April 29, 1945 by troops from Company I, 157th Infantry Regiment. The first concentration camps in Germany were set up as detention centres for so-called ‘enemies of the state’. The systems and buildings Eicke had developed at Dachau soon became the basic model by which all concentration camps would be established and managed. He now felt ready to take on his biggest challenge - creating a new concentration camp from a handful of vermin-infested barracks. Nevertheless, it is a chilling greeting. of Military Justice 102nd Infantry Division - Judge Advocate Division - Court-Martial Guidelines Court Martial Form 19 - Findings and Sentence of the Court (blank) Procedure for General Court-Martial Records Dachau War Crimes Trials United States v. W. Gavrilo V, Serbian Patriarch of the Serbian Orthodox Church, imprisoned in Dachau from September to December 1944 The camp served as the training center for SS concentration camp guards and was a model for other Nazi concentration camps. " Of the 2720 priests (among them 2579 Catholic) held in Dachau, 1034 did not survive the camp. Army’s 42nd Infantry Division came face to face with the worst of Nazi Germany at the notorious Dachau Concentration Camp. The Archives of the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim collect, preserve, and provide access to archival materials connected mostly with the history of Auschwitz Concentration Camp, and to a lesser extent with other concentration camps as well. camps of Buchenwald (Weimar), Langenstein-Zwieberge (Halberstadt), Natzweiler-Struthof, Ravensbruck, Dachau, Mauthausen-Gusen, Sandbostel, Hinzert, Flossenburg, and other miscellaneous records. Concentration camps. The triangles were made of fabric and were sewn on jackets and trousers of the prisoners. The findings were to aid the German Air Force. When we visited Dachau this past Christmas, it was 8 degrees below zero, centigrade. Dachau was also the camp where the Nazi's regime most prominent prisoners, including chancellors and cabinet ministers from occupied countries, as well as high-ranking religious leaders, were incarcerated. An emaciated 18-year-old Russian girl looks into the camera lens during the liberation of Dachau concentration camp in 1945. JewishGen volunteers, comp. It stood on a wooded hill about 4. See full list on encyclopedia. Wikimedia Commons Corpses of prisoners in the Dachau death trains. But it wasn’t just liberated. More than 200,000 people from across Europe were held at the Dachau concentration camp and its subsidiary camps, according to the memorial site's website. The town -- host to the camp which bears the chilling inscription "Arbeit Macht Frei" (Work Will Set You Free) on its gate -- has turned a building in the camp's former herb garden into a concentration camps. Dachau was one of the first concentration camps ever built Germany, Third Reich - concentration camps 1939-45 Detainees from Dachau concentration camp gathering on the former place of roll call after the Liberated Polish inmates from the Dachau concentration camp raise bottles of wine and celebrate. About 37,000 names. The original purpose was to hold political prisoners. The main camp was located in a complex of fifteen forts that surrounded the whole of the city. View of Dachau concentration camp, which was a model for subsequent Nazi camps. It does not include camps which were created for limited operations or time, as most of these were destroyed by the Nazis . approximately 44,000 camps and ghettos during the Holocaust. who said the records show the camp was liberated Salvator Moshe was born in Greece, where his family had settled generations before, fleeing persecution by the Spanish Inquisition. He was imprisoned in the Dachau concentration camp for the duration of World War II. But by the time the train arrived just 800 people had survived July 21, 2020 · Dachau, Germany · It took a while to find the words to describe this place that we explored on day 8. Dachau concentration camp remained, then personnel from Dachau went on to work at Sachsenhausen and Oranienburg, where Eicke established his central office. wikipedia. Concentration camp Dachau, 1933-1945 is well put together. Dachau was chiefly a political camp, rather than an extermination camp, but of around 160,000 prisoners sent to its main camp, over 32,000 were either executed or died of disease, malnutrition or brutalization. Thus by way of introduction, I want to draw attention to the type of records which were made in pictures and words on life at Dachau from the very beginning of United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of National Archives and Records Administration, College Park Prisoners' barracks in the Dachau concentration camp, May 3, 1945. Since your grandfather was a prisoner at Dachau concentration camp, we would suggest reviewing records located in the series Concentration Camp Dachau Entry Registers, 1945-1945 in the National Archives Collection of World War II War Crimes Records (Record Group 238). Race and the liberation of Dachau. In an attempt to find an antidote to phosgene, a toxic gas used as a weapon during World War I, Nazi doctors exposed 52 concentration-camp prisoners to the gas at Fort Ney near Strasbourg, France. Dachau Concentration Camp Records Liste inter Dachau 1-5 from the Captured German Records Collection Project Developers: Joyce Field and Peter W. Six million Jews murdered by a megalomaniac on a satanic mission. Searching Dachau Concentration Camp Records in One Step Stephen P. After purchasing the jacket for $2, Jillian Eisman donated it to a Holocaust Center in N. The camp was established in 1936. Plan of Dachau with structures identified by number ("Gebäude-Ubersichts-Plan"), 1943. There were many advantages of having the factory here. ' The first inmates in 1933 were Communists, socialists Nazi concentration camp badges, primarily triangles, were part of the system of identification in German camps. Dachau Concentration Camp Records (ID: 20803) Description: Electronic data regarding prisoners who were incarcerated at Dachau concentration camp, from Liste inter Dachau 1-5. The terms can be used to find similar or related records. In fact, the main concentration camp at nearby Linz, Austria, which had its “showers” operational early on, was the Nazis’ favorite destination for the condemned of Dachau. Dachau was also the first Nazi camp to use prisoners as human guinea Established in 1933, Dachau was one of the first Nazi concentration camps. At the outbreak of war there existed the following concentration camps: a Dachau, 1939, 4,000 prisoners, today 8,000. Even before 1945, however, there were representations of life in the concentration camp and the murder that went on there. These volumes are not death books but consist of arrival or entry registers organized by prisoner number. He recorded incidents of concentration camp life on tiny slips of paper. Digital images of originals held by the National Archives Records Administration, College Park, Maryland. You can listen to contemporary witnesses tell their personal stories and see real photographs of the moment of liberation. Built at the edge of the town of Dachau, about 12 miles (16 km) north of Munich, it became the model and training centre for all other SS -organized camps. The following report on the location of concentration camps, signed by Pohl, an SS General who was in charge of concentration camp labor policies, indicates the scope of these activities. Though it was not one of the extermination camps later established by the Germans to kill European Jews during World War II, Dachau was a training center for SS concentration camp guards; the camp's organization and routine became a model for all Nazi concentration camps. Thousands of dead and emaciated bodies of civilian prisoners from many countries were within and in the proximity of the Dachau Concentration Camp. An estimated 41,500 people were killed in the camp during its operation, including Jews, German and Austrian criminals, and other nationals from Dachau concentration camp was liberated by the U. By pouring over what few documents remained, as well as talking to prisoners that survived, Berben has penned what seems to be the definitive history of this Auschwitz is not the only camp with this message; we had seen it previously at Dachau and would see it again at Theresienstadt. Credit: JewishGen. he has spent hours each day entering the names of Dachau concentration camp Dachau was established in March 1933 as the first Nazi Concentration Camp. at the liberation of Dachau, the first concentration camp the Nazis built and one of the last to be liberated. Records indicate that at least 32,000 inmates died at the Dachau concentration camp, and numberless more were transported to extermination camps in Poland. Dachau remembered - 80 years later 24 photos Peres spent four years in a “displaced persons” camp, where he was reunited with his mother and earned a high school equivalency diploma. Y. English. S. It was located 35 kilometres (22 mi) north of Berlin, which gave it a primary position among the German concentration camps: the administrative centre of all concentration camps was located in Oranienburg, and Sachsenhausen became a training centre for Schutzstaffel (SS) officers (who would often be sent to oversee other camps afterwards). Concentration camp Dachau, 1933-1945 / editors, Barbara Distel, Ruth Jakusch ; translation, Jennifer Vernon, in cooperation with Ruth Jakusch, Barbara Distel - [Uniform Title: Konzentrationslager Dachau, 1933-1945. More than 200,000 people were detained between 1933 and 1945, and 31,591 deaths were declared, most from disease, malnutrition and Scouts from the 522nd were 10 miles ahead of the main force when they ran into the Dachau concentration camp, shortly after the Germans fled. Landé, a Holocaust researcher. In a very real sense, the apocalypse that was the Holocaust was rung in on March 22, 1933, as Dachau received its first prisoners. C. There are over 31,000 registered deaths in Dachau, but many deaths were not registered, so the total is not known. Survivors at the Dachau concentration camp cheer their liberation by US soldiers. In the Times' own 1985 The slogan once aimed to present the concentration camp as a "work and re-education camp. During World War II the main camp was supplemented by about 150 branches scattered throughout southern Germany and Austria, all of which collectively were called Dachau. After evading capture for three months, the spy was imprisoned, tortured and eventually shot by the German Gestapo at Dachau concentration camp in 1944. S. Dachau was the first German concentration camp, opened in 1933 Credit An annex of the former Nazi concentration camp Dachau has been turned into a shelter for the homeless, including refugees, the mayor of the southern German town and a resident at the centre said Tuesday. Set up in 1937, it initially housed political prisoners and other targeted groups, including Jews. The immersion-hypothermia project was conducted at the Dachau concentration camp between August 1942 and May 1943. First concentration camp set up in Dachau. Boehme, now 73, grew up on the site of Dachau, the concentration camp just outside Munich which was liberated 75 years ago on Wednesday. military, and compiled and used after the war by the International Tracing Service and later the Departmental Records Branch's Captured Records See full list on en. In August 1944 a women’s camp opened inside Dachau. Subjects were placed in a low-pressure chamber which simulated atmospheric conditions at altitudes up to 21,000 meters (68,000 ft. Dachau was one of the Established in 1933, Dachau was one of the first Nazi concentration camps. The smaller camps were dismantled. Inmates at Dachau concentration camp were used as subjects from March to August of 1942 to test the limits of human endurance at high altitudes. Some, particularly in the early years, were released, and transfers to and from Dachau were common. By pretending to be simple-minded, Kupfer received a clerk's job in the camp's store room, which gave him the opportunity to clandestinely begin a diary. 5 miles northwest of Weimar, Germany. These records are part Dachau’s records are mostly individual index cards, with names and birth dates printed neatly in block letters. m. By 1937, it held 13,260 prisoners, including During its first year, the camp held about 4,800 prisoners. This project was started as a result of discussions between Joyce Field and Peter W. The bulk of the collection contains lists of prisoners who were transported between concentration camps such as Auschwitz, Dachau, Flossenbü̈rg, Gross Rosen, Dora-Mittelbau, Mauthausen, Neuengamme, Ravensbrück and Buchenwald. When the three units arrived at Dachau, they discovered more than 30,000 prisoners in the overcrowded camp. Majdanek (or Lublin) was a Nazi concentration and extermination camp built and operated by the SS on the outskirts of the city of Lublin during the German occupation of Poland in World War II. The factory in Allach became too small, and at the end of 1940 it moved to Dachau concentration camp. : "1. Established in March 1933 on the outskirts of the town of Dachau (17 km from Munich). Many actual or suspected communists were among the first internees. " In 2009, the ‘Arbeit macht frei’ sign from the former Nazi death camp in Auschwitz was stolen on the orders of a Swedish neo-Nazi by five Poles. The camps were split into five sections: Commandants office (This office oversaw the whole camp). The protagonist of this tale is William Denson, a 32-year-old U. On April 29, 1945, Dachau was liberated by the U. It was one of the first and the largest of the concentration camps within Germany's 1937 borders. Dachau in the First Days of the Holocaust. Located in southern Germany, The extent of records for concentration camps varies widely, with the most extensive files available for camps located in Germany (Buchenwald, Dachau, Flossenbürg, Neuengamme, Ravensbrück and Sachsenhausen), France (Natzweiler), the Czech Republic (Theresienstadt) and Austria (Mauthausen), with partial records for such Polish camps as Stutthof, Auschwitz, Gross Rosen and Majdanek. O. Dachau had a special "priest block. This particular concentration camp was the blueprint for the Nazi camps throughout WWII. Army. that it had no records “to prove or Records disclose that at least 206,200 people passed under the sign on Dachau's main gate that proclaimed in German, 'Work makes you free. Dachau, the first Nazi concentration camp in Germany, established on March 10, 1933, slightly more than five weeks after Adolf Hitler became chancellor. Army lawyer teaching at West Point who, at the end of WWII, was summoned to head the prosecution of Nazi war crimes perpetrated at four concentration camps: Dachau, Mauthausen, Floss-enburg and Buchenwald. Photo credit: USHMM and National Archives and Records Administration. S seventh Army’s 45th Infantry Division. , where curators unearthed the story of the man who once wore it. Add to Print List Remove from Print List Notes. About Germany, Concentration Camp Records, 1946-1958 This series consists of copies of records which were created by the German Geheime Staatspolizei (Gestapo) during World War II, captured by the U. Dachau camp was located on the grounds of an old munitions factory. S. The six departments that made up the camp administrative system produced original documents during the time when Auschwitz Concentration Camp was in operation, from the spring of 1940 to January 1945. Army troops liberated the camp. Reel 10 consists solely of hand written ledger book lists of arrivals at Dachau from 1933-1940. Natzweiler-Struthof, the first concentration camp built in France following Germany’s invasion in 1940, was, like many of the early camps, primarily a quarry. S. Dachau was the first concentration camp established under the authority of the SS. Dachau (/ ˈ d ɑː x aʊ /) was a Nazi concentration camp opened on 22 March 1933, which was initially intended to hold political prisoners. 1945. Its location was selected specifically for its stores of granite, with which Albert Speer intended to construct his grand Deutsches Stadion in Nuremberg. Some, particularly in the early years, were released, and transfers to and from Dachau were common. His interview, with its graphic description of conditions at Dachau in 1945, provides valuable background for the testimonies of the survivors. The camp was established in 1936. The Holocaust. Dachau (Concentration camp) --Registers. Children of Holocaust survivors, WWII veterans commemorate 75th anniversary of Dachau concentration camp liberation Survivors gather to salute the Allies and remember comrades who perished in Dachau. During its first year, the camp held about 4,800 prisoners. World War, 1939-1945--Concentration Camps--Germany--Dachau. They were used in the concentration camps in the German-occupied countries to identify the reason the prisoners had been placed there. During the period of the camp’s existence a total of 250,000 persons from 24 countries were imprisoned there, including some from the Soviet Union. William Applegate. It was located 35 kilometres (22 mi) north of Berlin, which gave it a primary position among the German concentration camps: the administrative centre of all concentration camps was located in Oranienburg, and Sachsenhausen became a training centre for Schutzstaffel (SS) officers (who would often be sent to oversee other camps afterwards). There is a 16th-century castle. To obtain a copy or view the records, please contact or visit the National Archives and Records Administration location (s) listed in the Contact information below. Reel 11 continues from Reel 10 for the years 1940 - July 1944. The Thorn Complex was a sub-camp of the concentration camp in Sztutowic (German: Stutthof). More than 40,000 people died there. Contains information about various concentration and labor camps in Europe from 1939 to 1945. Moshe and the other Jewish residents of Salonika were deported to German concentration camps in 1943. Evacuation Hospital, 116th. S. American forces captured the books when they liberated and occupied the camp on April 29, 1945. Stacked like cordwood, naked bodies of inmates of the infamous Dachau Concentration Camp awaiting cremation when 7th U. Includes records for the Concentration and P. The horrific lexicon is familiar now. Russian soldiers discovered thousands of sick, dying, and dead prisoners when they entered the complex of concentration camps, forced labor camps, and a killing center abandoned by the Nazis. dachau concentration camp records